Göteborgs Hamn AB - Startsida

Large-scale CO2 hub in the Port of Gothenburg

In Gothenburg, the CinfraCap project has been ongoing for two years and in November 2022, phase 2 was concluded with the presentation of an in-depth feasibility study. Preparations are now underway for the next phase and continued work to create a large-scale hub for liquid carbon dioxide, which is extracted via carbon dioxide separation, CCS technology.

We want to help early players in Sweden with a cost-effective and new logistics chain for captured carbon dioxide. To succeed in this, good collaboration with partners and actors within the entire new value chain is required. The focus is to develop a solution that is attractive to customers and ensure that the infrastructure owners drive large scale.

In order to reach the climate goals, we must find faster ways. We do that through collaboration. Here, together with partners, we are investigating the possibility of temporarily storing and transporting initially about 4 million tons of captured carbon dioxide per year, including a third-party access. This applies from facility to quayside. To be able to do that, a functioning infrastructure is required in place. ​The basic idea is to be able to invest in an infrastructure system that should also be possible for more actors to use and thus increase the volumes of captured carbon dioxide. We want this large-scale CO2 hub CinfraCap to be open to everyone.

Full-scale solution

CCS, Carbon Capture and Storage, is seen today as an important part of the transformation of the global energy system and several development projects are underway in the area. Both the IPCC and the EU have identified carbon dioxide capture as absolutely necessary to reach the climate goals. Here, a large-scale CO2 hub contributes by making it possible to transport the carbon dioxide to a final repository in a cost- and climate-efficient manner. This is not a small-scale test facility, but a full-scale solution that will make a real difference.

Choice of location

Gothenburg as a location is optimal. The starting point is Scandinavia's largest port with a well-developed railway connection, where there are several points for carbon dioxide emissions that can be captured, everything from the large refineries to waste incineration. This makes the investment both climate-smart and financially sustainable.

Third Party Access

With partners, we want to develop an optimal logistics and infrastructure solution for CCS on a larger, industrial scale. While ensuring the connection to other CCS projects.

Economies of scale

Increased volumes enable lower costs/cost benefits per handled ton of carbon dioxide, which benefits customers and the environment.


CinfraCap frilagd.png

  1. Carbon dioxide capture facilities.
  2. Liquid carbon dioxide is transported through pipelines from capture plants nearby and by truck or railway from plants further away.
  3. The CO2 hubs reception site with temporary storage at the Port of Gothenburg.
  4. Liquid carbon dioxide is loaded onto a ship using loading arms.
  5. Receiving terminal from where liquid carbon dioxide is unloaded and pumped into rock formations 3,000 metres below the seabed.
  6. Porous rock, with impermeable rock above, where liquid carbon dioxide is returned.

Sponsored by Industrial Evolution  
A collaboration agreement has been signed by all the parties involved, and the Swedish Energy Agency climate initiative Industrial Evolution (Industriklivet) has agreed to cover half the cost of funding an in-depth prestudy.

Fact file: CinfraCap    
CinfraCap stands for Carbon Infrastructure Capture. The project is focused on the transport of captured carbon and how this can be done in a climate-smart, cost-effective way. The aim behind CinfraCap is to produce a more comprehensive picture of the logistics chain required to transport captured carbon dioxide from different industrial facilities in western Sweden – from liquefication and intermediate storage, through to distribution to ships and onward transport to the repository site. The interface for CinfraCap will be the fence around the facility in western Sweden that captures the carbon dioxide, through to the loading arm on the vessels that transport the liquefied carbon dioxide onwards by sea.

CinfraCap will complement a number of other ongoing research and development projects, including Preem CCS, ZEROC, and Northern Lights, which is a full-scale carbon dioxide repository project being run off the west coast of Norway.
CinfraCap is a collaborative venture between Nordion Energi, Göteborg Energi, Renova, Gothenburg Port Authority, Preem, and St1.

Fact file: CCS/BECCS
Carbon Capture Storage, CCS, involves trapping carbon and liquefying it under pressure. It can then be safely stored deep underground, in many cases below the seabed, reducing emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. If the carbon dioxide is captured from a biogenic source, this could even result in a reduction in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere.
Read more about CCS on the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency website


  • Christoffer Lillhage
    Christoffer Lillhage
    Senior Business Development Manager, Energy
    +4676 848 75 21
  • Tina Målrind
    Tina Målrind
    Senior Project Manager, Strategic Development & Innovation
    +4676 724 66 97

4 million tonnes

thats how much liquid carbon dioxide can be transported