Göteborgs Hamn AB - Startsida
Cinfracap - Liquefied carbon dioxide finds its way to the harbour
Gothenburg and Sweden could be the first in the world to create a joint infrastructure for the transport of liquefied carbon dioxide extracted using CCS technology. The project – CinfraCap – is a unique collaborative venture between Göteborg Energi, Nordion Energi, Preem, St1, Renova, and Gothenburg Port Authority.
We must make every effort to find ways of achieving our climate goals more rapidly and collaboration is unquestionably the way forward. Here we examine potential intermediate storage and transport solutions for around 1.5 million tonnes of captured carbon dioxide per year – excluding third-party access – all the way from facility to quayside. An efficient on-site infrastructure is crucial to the success of this undertaking. The guiding principle is to invest in a system that offers access to all, thus increasing the volume of captured carbon dioxide. We want CinfraCap to be open to everyone.
The CinfraCap project commenced in autumn 2020 and a phase 1 prestudy was conducted and presented in May 2021. We are currently in phase 2, where a new in-depth prestudy is taking place. We are looking for answers as we seek to develop the optimal design and produce an effective business model. The pre-study is due to be completed by the end of October 2022.
CCS, Carbon Capture and Storage, is widely viewed as a key component in the transition of the global energy system and several development projects are already under way. Both the IPCC and the EU have highlighted the importance of carbon capture if we are to achieve our climate goals. CinfraCap is contributing by facilitating cost-effective transport and permanent storage of carbon dioxide with minimal climate impact. CinfraCap is not just a small-scale test facility – it is a complete solution that will have a resounding impact.
At CinfraCap we are urging all the parties involved to produce an optimised industrial-scale logistics and infrastructure solution for CCS and to link into other CCS projects. The basic idea is to invest in an infrastructure that can be used by more interested parties and by doing so increase the volume of captured carbon dioxide.
Choice of location
Gothenburg is an ideal location, with the largest port in Scandinavia and a number of carbon emission points, including large refineries and waste incineration plants. This would ensure that an investment of this nature and magnitude is both climate-smart and financially sustainable.
- Carbon dioxide capture facilities.
- Liquid carbon dioxide is transported through pipelines from capture plants nearby and by truck or railway from plants further away.
- CinfraCap reception site with temporary storage at the Port of Gothenburg.
- Liquid carbon dioxide is loaded onto a ship using loading arms.
- Receiving terminal from where liquid carbon dioxide is unloaded and pumped into rock formations 3,000 metres below the seabed.
- Porous rock, with impermeable rock above, where liquid carbon dioxide is returned.
Sponsored by Industrial Evolution
A collaboration agreement has been signed by all the parties involved, and the Swedish Energy Agency climate initiative Industrial Evolution (Industriklivet) has agreed to cover half the cost of funding an in-depth prestudy.
Fact file: CinfraCap
CinfraCap stands for Carbon Infrastructure Capture. The project is focused on the transport of captured carbon and how this can be done in a climate-smart, cost-effective way. The aim behind CinfraCap is to produce a more comprehensive picture of the logistics chain required to transport captured carbon dioxide from different industrial facilities in western Sweden – from liquefication and intermediate storage, through to distribution to ships and onward transport to the repository site. The interface for CinfraCap will be the fence around the facility in western Sweden that captures the carbon dioxide, through to the loading arm on the vessels that transport the liquefied carbon dioxide onwards by sea.
CinfraCap will complement a number of other ongoing research and development projects, including Preem CCS, ZEROC, and Northern Lights, which is a full-scale carbon dioxide repository project being run off the west coast of Norway.
CinfraCap is a collaborative venture between Nordion Energi, Göteborg Energi, Renova, Gothenburg Port Authority, Preem, and St1.
Fact file: CCS
Carbon Capture Storage, CCS, involves trapping carbon and liquefying it under pressure. It can then be safely stored deep underground, in many cases below the seabed, reducing emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. If the carbon dioxide is captured from a biogenic source, this could even result in a reduction in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere.
Read more about CCS on the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency website
Link to FAQ CinfraCap
Anna-Karin JannaschSenior Project Manager, Business Innovation Nordion Energi+4670 230 70 firstname.lastname@example.org
Erik AxelssonProject Manager, Göteborg Energi+4670 996 65 email@example.com
thats how much liquid carbon dioxide can be transported
- Different ways of transporting liquid carbon dioxide: rail, road, pipes
- Where does CinfraCap begin and end: at the fence boundary to the current plant in Western Sweden, which captures carbon dioxide to the cargo arm of the vessels which then transport liquid carbon dioxide further out to sea.
- Cost: The estimated cost of a fully developed facility is SEK 1.5-2 billion.
- Community benefit: open system that shares experiences, business model and knowledge speeds up carbon dioxide reduction in the atmosphere.
- CinfraCap's collaboration partners: Nordion Energi, Göteborg Energi, Renova, Gothenburg Port Authority, Preem, and St1.