In just 10 years, the average container vessel has grown 10 times in size and the depth of the fairway leading into the Port of Gothenburg is limiting how much cargo the vessels can carry. There are also vessels that are unable to call at Gothenburg because of their draught and they are forced to bypass Sweden completely.
According to a study by the Swedish Transport Administration, the fairway needs to be deepened by around 4 metres to achieve what could be regarded as a satisfactory depth (16-17 metres). The area that would need to be deepened is almost 5 km long and the amount of material that would need to be excavated would be equivalent to 24 times the volume of the Globe Arena in Stockholm. A key element in the investment is the deepening and reinforcement of the quays, allowing more vessels with a deeper draught to be handled at the same time.