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Environmentally governed expansion
The Port of Gothenburg not only has a central role to play in Swedish industry but also with regard to employment in Gothenburg. To keep pace with growth in the future, the port must also grow. But it must do so sustainably.
Our aim is for the port and the immediate surroundings to develop in harmony. In a number of cases we have contributed to improving conditions for flora and fauna as the port has expanded. The following are just a few examples.
Planting of eelgrass when the port is expanded
A new terminal for ro-ro and container traffic will be constructed beside the existing terminal at Arendal. At present there are areas of eelgrass (also known as seawrack) at the planned location of the Arendal Terminal. Eelgrass is a vital part of the ecosystem and acts as a nursery for several species of fish. To ensure that eelgrass levels in the Göta Älv river do not fall, we intend to plant new eelgrass in the vicinity.
Wetland for waders
The Port of Gothenburg and the Swedish Transport Administration are in the process of creating a shallow wetland for wildfowl at Torsviken, close to the port on Hisingen. The wetland is a way of reinstating nature after the area has been used for over 40 years for the deposition of dredging spoils. Before the wetland can be created, the deposition site will need to be covered with clean clay excavated as part of the construction of the Marieholm Tunnel.
A new home for the smooth snake and the woodpecker
The Port of Gothenburg is one of the landowners at the new logistics park beside the port. The park site is the habitat of the protected smooth snake and lesser spotted woodpecker. If the species are to survive and become stronger as a whole, they will need to be moved to a nearby area – Svarte Mosse. The habitat there will be improved in a variety of ways. The smooth snakes will have more open environments with piles of wood and stone that they can hide under. The woodpeckers will have high tree stumps, a tarn and sawn-off treetops that will attract insects.
New reefs provide an excellent habitat for lobsters
Ten years ago, the Swedish Maritime Administration and the Port of Gothenburg created seven artificial reefs out in the Gothenburg archipelago. They did so to compensate for the encroachment on the marine environment that took place during the deepening and widening of the fairways leading into the port. A follow-up some years later revealed that the reefs have benefited both the lobster and fish populations and the number of lobsters in the reefs is still rising.
Liquefied natural gas
The Port of Gothenburg is working actively to promote the use of liquefied natural gas, LNG, as a marine fuel. There are considerable environmental gains to be made from using LNG in shipping. Sulphur and particle emissions are reduced to almost zero and nitrogen emissions are reduced by 85-90 per cent.