Safety is one the most important issues at the Port of Gothenburg. Not only in the form of a good working environment but also with regard to preparedness to deal with external influences and threats.
At the Port of Gothenburg, goods worth billions are handled and we do our utmost to protect the customers' property. The port is also of major strategic significance to the nation.
Sabotage or terrorist attacks can be directed against key industries and the infrastructure. The port is also a key part of Sweden's transport and logistics system.
Following the terrorist attacks in the USA on September 11, 2001, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) updated what is known as the Solas (Safety of life at sea) Convention and created an annex, the "ISPS Code". The ISPS (International Ship and Port Facility Security) Code is designed to protect shipping against external threats.
The Code applies to vessels and port facilities, i.e. places where people or freight move to and from a vessel or where port services are provided. The new rules came into force on July 1, 2004.
The Code will prevent the following:
• Damage to or destruction of a port facility or vessel.
• Hijacking or seizing of vessels.
• Manipulation of loads.
• Unauthorised access.
• Smuggling of weapons.
• Use of the vessel as a weapon.
The ISPS Code is applied by:
• Passenger vessels in international traffic.
• Freight vessels (including high-speed vessels) with a gross tonnage of 500 or more operating in international traffic.
• Movable oil drilling platforms at sea.
• Port facilities that serve any of the above-mentioned vessels.
The rules impose three basic demands on ports:
1. Each port facility is required to carry out a safety inspection (the owner prepares the documentation).
2. A safety plan must be prepared for three safety levels. The plans must be approved by the Swedish Transport Agency and apply for a maximum of five years. Level I is the normal situation, Level 2 means an increased level of security, and Level 3 means a probable and imminent risk. The Swedish National Police Board then decides, in consultation with the Swedish Transport Agency, which level shall apply at Swedish ports.
The security plan must state how security work is organised and which security measures are applied in conjunction with entry, surveillance and inspection of loads, persons and vessel deliveries. The measures should prevent unauthorised access and avert weapons or other dangerous devices from being brought on board that could be used against people and property. Measures must be presented for the three security levels, where the higher levels include in increasing degree of control and surveillance.
3. A port facility security officer, PFSO, must be appointed for each port facility. The PFSO is responsible for ensuring that security plans are drawn up and applied, that shortcomings are rectified, that staff are trained and that contact is maintained with the person or persons who have the equivalent position on board the vessels.
All employees at the Port of Gothenburg and the terminal companies have undergone interactive training in the ISPS Code. Staff at the Oil Harbour in Gothenburg also receive further security training.
AEO (Authorized Economic Operator)
The Port of Gothenburg is AEO-certified. Certification is the responsibility of Swedish Customs and a key part of this relates to security and protection. To be approved, a company must satisfy certain requirements and in return it receives benefits not available to non-certified companies.
AEO is a joint EU certification programme aimed at creating a greater level of security in the world as well as efficient, standardised customs handling within the EU. AEO status is valid in all EU member states and all companies that are part of the supply chain can apply to become an AEO. This applies to manufacturers, exporters, forwarders, storage companies, customs representatives, carriers and importers.
If you have any questions regarding security, please feel free to contact Thomas Fransson.